Bratislava 26.10.2007

Celts built fortified settlements at Bratislava area in the 1st century BC. From the 1st to 4th centuries AD country south of the river Danube was under domination of the Roman Empire. Slavic tribes arrived in the area during the 5th and 6th centuries.

The first written reference to Bratislava (as Brezalauspurc) is from year 907. During the 10th and 11th centuries the castle of Bratislava became an important boundary of Hungary, a seat of the head of province administration.

In 1536 Bratislava became the capital city of Hungary, assembly town and a seat of central offices and coronation town of Hungarian royalty. During the 18th century Bratislava flourished and became the largest and most important town in the territory of present-day Slovakia and Hungary. In 1775 Queen Maria-Theresa ordered the city walls to be pulled down.

In late 18th century the city started to lose its importance when the crown jewels were taken to Vienna and many central offices subsequently moved to Buda (western side of Budapest). In the course of the 18th century, the city became a centre for the Slovak national movement.

After World War I and the breaking apart of Austria-Hungary, Slovakia and Bratislava became a part of Czechoslovakia on October 28, 1918.

In 1993 Bratislava became capital of the independent Slovak Republic.


Bratislavan linna


Näköala Bratislavan linnalta kaupunkiin


Keskiaikaisen puolustusmuurin säilynyt osa


Entisen vallihaudan uomaa vanhan kaupungin portin vieressä


Säilynyt portti vanhaan kaupunkiin


Portti vanhan kaupungin puolelta


Bratislavan vanhaa kaupunkia